Addiction: When you can’t just say no.

Addiction is the dark side of your brain’s capacity to learn and adapt. In essence, addiction is the result of your brain’s attempt to continue to function normally in an abnormal chemical environment. Addiction differs from most other neurological conditions in one specific respect. You don’t have to do anything to get Multiple Sclerosis or Read More »

Doctor, I Have a Headache

Headaches are one of the most common symptoms reported by patients.  Virtually all headaches are caused by irritation of the nerves in the meningeal lining surrounding the brain.  Unfortunately, these neurons are pretty sensitive and a lot of things can irritate them.  Headaches can be caused by conditions ranging from the common cold to a Read More »

Is it Alzheimer’s?

There are few things more frightening to someone who is getting older than the thought of Alzheimer’s disease.   The possibility of losing one’s memories, one’s past, one’s identity, is far scarier for most seniors than the inevitability of their deaths.  After fifty years or so of age, every small memory lapse, every forgotten name, Read More »

Pain. Yes, it is in your head.

Pain, like everything else that you experience, sight, sound, smell, taste, thought, and emotion, is the result of activity in your brain.  To the classic philosophical question “If a tree falls in the forest and there is no one there to hear it, does it make a sound?” a neuroscientist would unhesitatingly answer “No”.   Read More »

The Four Best Things That You Can Do For Your Brain

Our brains make us who we are.  They contain our memories and emotions, our hopes and our dreams.  Most of us therefore care a lot about keeping our brains in good working order for as long as possible.  While some decline in brain functioning with age is inevitable, and you cannot completely avoid all brain Read More »

Thinking Like Your Doctor About Your Brain

It takes years of medical education to become a doctor and even more years of specialized training to become a neurologist, neurosurgeon, or psychiatrist. However, it does not take very long to understand the basic mindset of doctors when they are thinking about your brain and planning a treatment strategy, because there are really only Read More »

Understanding Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

It’s easy to tell that someone has suffered a brain injury if there is a bullet hole in their head or a skull fracture—but the more common form of closed-head trauma or mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), sometimes called a concussion, is harder for most people to recognize. In many ways, a penetrating head injury Read More »