Medical Code: SGM-FS-001

Condition: Addiction Layman’s Definition:  physical changes to the body in response to repeated drug use which causes the person to feel bad when they stop taking the drug. Prevalence: 4 million (at least) Typical Age of Symptom Onset: Over 18 years (difficult to define use versus addiction) Primary Symptoms: Continued use of a chemical or Read More »

Brain Cancer/Brain Tumor/Spinal Cord Tumor

Medical Code: SGM-FS-004

Condition: Brain Cancer/Brain Tumor/Spinal Cord Tumor Layman’s Definition:  Uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain Prevalence: 78,000 new cases/year (25,000 malignant); 700,000 living with tumor or in remission    Typical Age of Symptom Onset: 0-19 yrs and >60 yrs (median age 59) Primary Symptoms: Symptoms of brain cancers depend on the location and type of Read More »

Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Medical Code: SGM-FS-003

Condition: Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Layman’s Definition:  An inborn problem with recognizing and understanding the emotions expressed by other people and/or recognizing that others are trying to communicate with them, leading to lack of language acquisition or poor social skills depending on the severity of the disability.  Other symptoms such as repetitive behaviors Read More »

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Medical Code: SGM-FS-007

Condition: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Prevalence: 400,000 in US (60% female) Layman’s Definition:  Random attacks by the immune system on the cells which electrically insulate nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, resulting electrical signals short circuits which prevent messages from being sent to different areas within the brain.  The symptoms will depend on which Read More »

Alzheimer’s Disease

Medical Code: SGM-FS-002

Condition: Alzheimer’s Disease Layman’s Definition:  A specific type of progressive memory loss and worsen brain function caused by the gradual loss of nerve cells in the brain that are necessary for storing and retrieving memories, as well as a later loss of nerve cells required for other tasks.   Prevalence: 4.5-5.2 million in US Typical Read More »

Parkinson Disease (PD)

Medical Code: SGM-FS-008

Condition: Parkinson Disease (PD) Prevalence: 1 million in US, 60,000 new cases/year Layman’s Definition: A progressive loss of control over muscle movement and balance caused by the gradual death of cells that play a key role in coordinating and smoothly controlling muscle movement. Typical Age of Symptom Onset: Over 65 years Primary Symptoms: At early Read More »


Medical Code: SGM-FS-009

Condition: Schizophrenia Prevalence: 2.2 million in US Layman’s Definition: A problem with wiring in parts of the brain that interpret information, causing the person to persistently see and/or hear (usually scary) things that are not there and/or to imagine they are under special threats or have unusual special abilities      Typical Age of Symptom Read More »


Medical Code: SGM-FS-006

Condition: Depression Prevalence: 15.7 million adults and 2.6 million adolescents in the US; or 6.7% of adults and 10.7% of adolescents Layman’s Definition: Loss of signals to the brain about positive feelings, making the person feel sad, numb, and/or angry all of the time Typical Age of Symptom Onset: 5-50 Primary Symptoms: Persistent feeling of Read More »

Concussion / Closed Head Trauma

Medical Code: SGM-FS-005

Condition: Concussion / Closed Head Trauma Prevalence: At least 1.5 million/year; 320,000 severe Layman’s Definition: A brain bruise caused by either a physical blow to the head or shaking the brain around in the skull (such occurs to a shaken baby or a soldier caught in the blast wave of an explosion), often resulting in Read More »

Stroke / Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

Medical Code: SGM-FS-010

Condition: Stroke / Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) Prevalence: 150,000 cases/year Layman’s Definition: A sudden interruption in blood flow to part of the brain caused either by a blockage in a blood vessel or a rupture in the blood vessel which prevents blood from reaching downstream sites.  The location of the blood flow interruption will determine the symptoms.  Read More »